Normal forms for linear Hamiltonian vector fields commuting with the action of a compact Lie group

Math. Proc. Camb. Philos. Soc. 114 (1993) 235-268

Ian Melbourne and Michael Dellnitz


We obtain normal forms for infinitesimally symplectic matrices (or linear Hamiltonian vector fields) that commute with the symplectic action of a compact Lie group of symmetries. In doing so we extend Williamson's theorem on normal forms when there is no symmetry present.

Using standard representation-theoretic results the symmetry can be factored out and we reduce to finding normal forms over a real division ring. There are three real division rings consisting of the real, complex and quaternionic numbers. Of these, only the real case is covered in Williamson's original work.

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