The history of 'community' as a political concept has tended increasingly to emphasize 'consensus' as essential to community, even though the original Greek 'polis' was a contested public sphere.




Historical peculiarities of Aristotle's 'community'


Although the Greek city-states were relatively small and stable, larger and more diverse states raised new problems of community-building: 'citizenship'


Is there need for political education or some other test of citizenship before political participation is granted?


The artificial character of communities, though implicit in Aristotle, brought out clearly in Harrington, Paine and other democratic republicans of 17th and 18th centuries


Secondary community-building activities: i.e. ones licensed but not enforced by the laws


Totalitarianism as a problem for communitarianism


Taking the artifactual character of communities seriously


Unger's Critical Legal Studies




How would you characterize the relationship between political liberalism and legal positivism?