We describe a means of constructing splittings of a one-ended finitely generated group over two-ended subgroups, starting with a finite collection of codimension-one two-ended subgroups. In the case where all the two-ended subgroups have two-ended commensurators, we obtain an annulus theorem, and a form of JSJ splitting of Rips and Sela. The construction uses ideas from the work of Dunwoody, Sageev and Swenson. We use a particular kind of order structure which combines cyclic orders and treelike structures. In the special case of hyperbolic groups, this provides a link between combinarorial constructions, and constructions arising from the topological structure of the boundary. In this context, we recover the annulus theorem of Scott and Swarup. We also show that a one-ended finitely generated groups which contains an infinite-order element, and such that every infinite cyclic subgroup is (virtually) codimension-one is a virtual surface group.
2000 Subject Classification: 20F65, 20E08.
Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 354 (2002) 1049-1078.